painted lady butterfly on a purple aster flower

Pennsylvania's Pollinators

Pollinators are vital to the production of healthy plants in Pennsylvania's natural areas, gardens, and agricultural crops.

The monarch (Danaus plexippus plexippus) is a brush-footed butterfly with large orange and black wings and a black body with numerous white spots.

What is a pollinator?

Every plant that flowers requires pollination to reproduce. In Pennsylvania, the main animal pollinators are bees, flies, butterflies, beetles, and hummingbirds.

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Bumble bee on an orange flower

Bees in Pennsylvania

At least 437 bee species in 6 families are found in Pennsylvania. For a full list, see the Checklist of the Bees of Pennsylvania created by the López Uribe Lab at Penn State.

Checklist of Pennsylvania Bees
bees on a honeycomb

Become a Beekeeper

Beekeeping is a worldwide cultural practice that dates back ten thousand years. We offer resources for those interested in becoming a beekeeper as well as continuing education for expert beekeepers.

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Photo of chalkbrood fungus shown on brood - several white "mummies" are present.

Bee Health

Bees face many challenges that threaten their health and well-being. Understanding the factors that impact bee survival is the first step to protecting them.

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